Monday, December 22, 2008

FTCua Science Lessons 12

Thursday, December 11, 2008

Work to do--compiled 12/08/08

perhaps the first step is to have a thorough Geographical Information System of the table of elements and isotopes and radioisotopes and radionuclides, chemicals, biological agents, smoking, drinking, illegal drugs, pesticides, fungicides, herbicides, insecticides, ammonia? phosphates? nitrates? air pollutants, benzenes, polycyclic, aromatic hydrocarbons, at the same time epidemiological studies of cancer clusters, neurodegenerative diseases and strokes, brain cancers, somatic disorders, often times, the need for bioassay samples such as blood, teeth, hairs, nails, urine and fecal samples...


the Grants.Gov have a lot of grants avaiable fundable by EPA, NSF, NIH, USDA, DOE, CDC, DHHS, DHS, NANO-NNI, BIOTECH, NASA, NOAA, SETI…

I catalogued the past ones in


Question: what are the priorities?

Radiation, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety Programs are a must.

One Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure.


Total Landscape Care 2008 Chemical Guide by Cindy Ratcliffe.

Instrumentations and Sensors. MSDS on production of these instrumentations and sensors to safeguard the inventors and technicians.

Question: what are necessary and what are not?

Material Safety Data Sheets for all Toxic, Reactive, Inflammable and Corrosive and Cancer Causing, Teratogenic (affecting the fetus),

Christman, Cua Associates provided legal expert testimony in REOHS,

It is not easy.

add to these...

we do not need to reinvent the you know that the new moon buggy have more than 1 set of 4 wheels?

That original old moon buggy was the invention of Engr. Eduardo San Juan, Apollo 11, Astronaut Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin.

Energy Biosciences Institute and Archer Daniel Midland are worth reading up on.

Lockheed Martin is in Russia. Who did the Cyber Attack on Georgia? Who provided the technical know-how?

Who decides on the 5th nuclear power plant in New Jersey?

Environmental Remediation-bioremediation, phytoremediation, nanoremediation

Removal of Radium from the Aquifer or Waterways by passing them through an Ion Exchange Resin before they are safe for drinking by the people, animals, or fauna and flora...not that simple

like Multielemental Analysis we should have Multiorganics Analyses that are portable and affordable: X-ray Fluorescence plus Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometry? minimum detection limit decides the equipment: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy even if single elemental has parts per billion MDL

The Superfund Sites are plenty.

Wonder if
can be topped?

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council need a Science Director.

The Sage College needs a President.

should we have single kits or many single kits or multikits and many multikits?

how many shuttles and how many spaceships can we afford? we? paleface?





Freebies and others-scientific and non scientific

check out e-google translation


check out




Jamesburgh Dollar Store

22 W Railroad Ave
Jamesburg, NJ 08831
(732) 656-0768

Maricel Gentile, proprietress

Wilma Zapanta and Emily

Little Manila Foodmart

Universal Robina Corporation(URC)

Nissin USA, Cup a Noodle, Maruchan

Philippine Chamber Rondalla of New Jersey

Philippine Fiesta

c/o Mila Mendez

Natural Resource Defense Council(NRDC)

American Center for Law and Justice(ACLJ)

username: s559
password: cca

Fil-Am Coalition for Environmental Solidarity

UpLadder-an executive search firm

I have premium membership at $30/month

All jobs on our site are organized into functional Ladders and further broken down by the specialties listed below so that you can target your perfect job as quickly as possible.
As a Premium member, you have the exclusive benefit of searching all jobs across every Ladder and specialty.
Accounting & Controls , Banking, Lending & Insurance , Corp Fin & Strat Planning , Financial Advisors , Investing & Investment Banking , Risk Mngmnt & Quant Analysis , Tax & Compliance.
Benefits & Comp , Consulting , EHS , Employee/Labor Relations , Generalist , HR Information Systems , HR Management , Org Dev & Training , Recruitment & Staffing.
Employment & Labor , Fin, Securities & Real Estate , General & In-house Counsel , Intellectual Property , Litigation , Other Specialities , Regulatory/Compliance , Tax, Bankruptcy & Insurance.
Advertising & Media , Brand/Seg/General Mngmt , Communications , Consumer/Market Research , Creative , Merchandising & Buying , Online Marketing , Product Marketing , Strategy & Bus Dev.
Customer Service Mngmnt , General Mngmnt/Strategy Consulting , Industrial/Mechanical Engin. , Plant/Facilities Mngmnt , Project/Process Mngmnt , Purchasing & Procurement , Quality Mngmnt , Supply Chain/Logistics.
Bus Dev , Channel Sales , Direct Sales , Pre/Post Sales Support , Sales Mngmnt & Ops.
Databases , Electrical/Electronic Engin. , IT Mngmnt and Project Mngmnt , Networks & Systems , Prof. Svcs/Consulting , Quality Assurance , Sales/Technical Support , SW Design/Dev.
Biotech, Pharma, Med. Device R&D , Construction & Civil Engin. , Education , Env. Safety & Engin. , Healthcare Admin , Non-Health Sciences R&D , Other Specialties , Patient Care , Real Estate.






cadmium in borosilicate glasses

zero gravity

cyber security


Lockheed Martin

Hybrid plants that grow faster for reforestation purposes

Greenhouse Catalog

Digital TV for PC

For orders: 0922.883.3335

United Nations

UN Wire

Tuesday, December 9, 2008

Climate Change

A scientific definition of climate change

Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide are greenhouse gases that occur naturally in the atmosphere, but their concentrations have increased dramatically since the industrial revolution. The main cause of the increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the use of coal, oil and gas in transport and to produce electricity, together with land-clearing and deforestation. Methane and nitrous oxide increases are mainly due to agriculture. Most climate scientists now agree that increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have contributed to global-scale climate change, causing warmer temperatures, retreat of glaciers, reduction of snow cover and impacts on plants and animals.

check on the websites of


water transports

submarines, hydrofoils, hovercrafts, ALVIN, ALVEEN, Woodshole Oceanographic Institute

BBC The Planet Earth 5 DVDs avaiable through

National Geographic Institute

Green Revolution

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Green Living: Earth, Inc.
Jason Lee
As concerns over global warming and rocketing oil prices weigh on Americans’ minds, a new generation of “green collar” workers are looking to use their talents to improve the country’s emerging sustainable energy industry.

Specialties in everything from solar power to energy efficient building design have moved to the forefront as rising corporate interest in going green has resulted in a definite need for more environmental experts.

“It’s the new Silicon Valley,” says John Stayton, director of a green graduate program in sustainable enterprise at Dominican University in San Rafael, Calif.

At a time when the nation’s manufacturing employment is on the downturn, jobs in sustainable energy may help fill the gap.

For example, Hocking College in Nelsonville, Ohio was recently awarded a $1.6 million grant from the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Energy Development Administration to build an innovative learning facility that will feature modern labs for students studying in the college’s sustainable energy programs.

“Training skilled workers is critical to attracting renewable energy companies to Ohio and recharging the state’s manufacturing base,” says Jerry Hutton, dean of energy and transportation technologies at Hocking.

Jobs in sustainable energies such as wind, solar, geothermal and hydropower are just some of the many gaining momentum.

William L. Chameides, dean of Duke University’s Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences, says while climate change and sustainability are global issues, “solutions can start at the local level.”

“The environmental issues facing society are myriad and daunting, but they are tractable,” Chameides said. “They will require a new kind of professional, with an interdisciplinary approach and an understanding that spans the physical and biological sciences to the social sciences.”

While earning a specialized “green” degree will have you on the cutting edge of the renewable energy push, you also can qualify for many jobs in sustainable energy with a traditional degree and some extra training. Here are a few industries already taking off:

Wind Power: Wind power laboratories are constantly trying to improve the design and efficiency of wind turbines. These research and development efforts employ mechanical, electrical and aeronautical engineers with advanced degrees, as well as experienced technicians.

The growth of wind power requires people with business, meteorological and engineering experience to plan and build projects. Meteorologists help engineers identify appropriate sites with suitable wind conditions. Engineers then design the wind plant, working with the utility companies and communities. Construction workers are needed to build the wind plant, and mechanical and electrical technicians, called “windsmiths,” operate and maintain the wind turbines.

Solar Power: Growth of the solar power industry has created high-wage, skilled jobs throughout the country for individuals with many different types of degrees and training. Individuals employed in solar research and development generally have professional degrees in electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering, as well as materials science and physics.

New workers are needed as national laboratories, universities and private companies develop and continually try to improve solar products to lower their costs and improve their reliability.

Bioenergy: Jobs in bioenergy – renewable energy made from biological sources – cut across a wide spectrum of specialties and skills, and if efforts succeed in making bioenergy more commercially profitable, America may see a dramatic increase in the number of jobs.

Universities and national laboratories are working together to find solutions to the difficult problems surrounding the production and use of biomass for energy and products. These efforts require chemists, agricultural specialists, microbiologists, biochemists and engineers, just to name a few.

Engineers and construction workers are needed to design and build bioenergy plants, while electrical and mechanical technicians, engineers, mechanics and equipment operators are needed to run and maintain these plants. Some jobs may require cross training in areas such as engineering and biology, or chemistry and agriculture.

Geothermal energy: The geothermal industry employs both skilled workers and those with professional degrees. Developing hot water reservoirs requires geologists, geochemists, geophysicists, hydrologists, reservoir engineers, mud loggers, hydraulic engineers and drillers to locate, assess, and gain access to the reservoirs. Environmental scientists prepare impact studies, and permit and leasing specialists obtain the land rights.

Geothermal technologies also create jobs for heating engineers, and in the building and agricultural industries. For electricity production, engineers and construction workers – along with a number of other skilled workers – are needed to design and construct power plants.

Hydropower: As with many of the other renewable energy technologies, the design, construction and maintenance of hydropower plants require electrical and mechanical engineers, technicians and other skilled workers.

If a hydropower project also involves managing a reservoir and surrounding land, the developer will hire recreation planners, resource managers and educators. In addition, state and federal licensing laws now require hydropower plant builders to assess the environmental effects of their operation. Thus, the hydropower industry also employs environmental scientists (biologists, hydrologists, ecologists, and wildlife habitat specialists, for example) to assess environmental impacts and address environmental cleanup.

Environmental scientists, as well as engineers, also participate in research efforts through private companies, national laboratories and universities.

This news arrived on: 12/03/2008
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Everyday Cheapskate: Good Computers Available, for Less
CPSC: Major Retailer Agrees to Pay $500,000 Civil Penalty for Failure to Report Hazardous Outdoor Candles
Decor Score: Spice up Home with a Bit of Your Own Personality and Taste
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Green Living: Earth, Inc.

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Thursday, November 20, 2008

ATSDR just (October 17) released a draft profile for radon (accepting comments until February). Thought you might be interested.

Saturday, November 15, 2008

11/15/08 postings

imagine Marketing Science and Technology and Engineering products to S & T & E Centers and Laboratories all over the world, in the Philippines, USA, China etc.

check out the site for National Space Society and Planetary Society


instant noodles-cup a noodle-nissin usa-maruchan

harvest noodles

I am FINSINAAM or Fil-Chi AM; dual citizen, Phil-Am

Look at Kaisa sa Kaunlaran, Bahay Tsinoy on the internet-google; let us be tough on crime such as kidnapping; bad for tourism and bad for the economy; drain on the "soul" also; who knows the song "Spirit of God...", "Come Holy Ghost..."

Steve Martin is a good lampooner-the man with 2 brains, leap of faith, the movie with Lily Tomlin,

The following grant opportunity postings were made on the Find Opportunities service:

U.S. Department of Transportation
DOT/Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
CDLIS Modernization 08
Modification 2

Environmental Protection Agency
Broad Agency Announcement for Conferences, Workshops, and/or Meetings
Modification 4

Department of Homeland Security
Department of Homeland Security - FEMA
Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Grant Program FY 2009
Modification 2

US Agency for International Development
Ghana USAID-Accra
Modification 4

U.S. Department of Transportation
DOT/Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
2009 CDLIS Modernization Grant

National Endowment for the Humanities
Humanities Initiatives at Institutions with High Hispanic Enrollment
Modification 1

National Endowment for the Humanities
Humanities Initiatives at Historically Black Colleges and Universities
Modification 1

National Endowment for the Humanities
Humanities Initiatives at Tribal Colleges and Universities
Modification 1

Department of the Interior
U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Department of Health and Human Services
National Institutes of Health
National Cancer Institute Program Project (P01) Applications

Department of the Interior
CIAP test

Friday, November 14, 2008

Liberty Science Centers

Subject: Liberty Science Center(LSC)

I had discount like Ed who had senior citizen discount last time we went.

I volunteered for 11 years with the Science by Mail Volunteer Scientist years ago and got free kits which cost $40 each.

BTW, Dr. Arthur Greenberg and I started with many others the LSC.

Let me see if that is going to be reinstituted.

The gift shop associate director wanted a list of gift items to carry.

I am compiling such a list.

There are job openings.

Job Opportunities

Home | View Jobs

Job Listings

Viewing Jobs 1 - 7 of 7 Jobs

Job Type
Liberty Science Center Ambassador
Liberty Science Center 11/06/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Volunteer
Exhibit Specialist, Woodworking
Liberty Science Center 10/28/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Full-Time
Director, Grants
Liberty Science Center 10/27/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Full-Time
Hospitality Associate
Liberty Science Center 10/26/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Part-Time
Interpretation Associate
Liberty Science Center 10/26/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Part-Time
Associate Director, Research & Grant Programs
Liberty Science Center 10/07/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Full-Time
Software Support Specialist
Liberty Science Center 9/15/2008 Jersey City, NJ, US Full-Time

Don't see a job that interests you? Upload your resume for our review
Home | Planning Your Visit | Educational Experiences | About Us | Our Expansion
Liberty Science Center * 251 Phillip Street * Liberty State Park* Jersey City, NJ * 07305 * 201.200.1000
Technical questions about the site? Contact the webmaster
Questions about Liberty Science Center? Contact guest services

members of New Jersey Technological Council since 2000

Philippine Science Heritage Center

Association for Women in Science-Central Jersey Chapter

to be continued...

Dr. Florence T. Cua-Christman, MS3, PhD

Thursday, November 13, 2008

American Chemical Society Continuing Education 2009

I am a member of the American Chemical Society.

Begin forwarded message:

From: "ACS Short Courses"
Date: November 12, 2008 3:20:35 PM EST
Subject: Test - 2009 Webcast Courses from the American Chemical Society - Great Training, No Travel

If you're having trouble viewing this email, you may see it online.

2009 Webcast Courses Open for Registration

Why take a Webcast Short Course from the American Chemical Society?

Class Sessions are Recorded for On-Demand Playback – Scheduled live online class sessions are the best way to get the most out of your experience. But if you miss an online session or two, it’s okay. All class sessions are recorded and ready for viewing when you’re available.

Small Class Sizes and Personal Attention – The average class has 12 participants, and our instructors are available by email between sessions so you will have ALL your questions answered.

Expert Instruction – We hold our webcast instructors to the same high standards as our short course instructors (and they are often the same instructors for both courses).

Interactive – Our webcasts employ a great technology that allows you to participate just as in a live class; you can even write on the whiteboard. Your instructor is available to answer your questions, go over your homework and follow-up after class.

More Application Time – Instead of getting all the information at once with no follow-up as with most professional training, you have time between sessions to apply what you’ve learned and come back to class with your burning questions. Overall, an extended learning schedule means greater impact for you.

Visit our website for complete details on available discounts. Webcasts are multi-session courses with a live instructor. Attendance at all sessions is recommended but not required. Sessions are conducted online with audio teleconferencing. Please contact us with any questions at

The following courses are open for registration:

From Beaker to Barrel: Chemical Engineering for Chemists – January 14, 21, 287 February 4 and 11

Advanced Methods for the Innovation Pathway from a Chemical Concept to Industrial Production (Beaker to Barrel – The Sequel) - January 14, 21, 28, February 4 and 11

Essentials of Chemistry - January 15, 22, 29, February 5, 12, 19, 26 and March 5

Principles of Analytical Chemistry - Session 1: January 21-23; Session 2: September 28, October 1 and 2

Toxicology for Chemists – January 22, 29, February 5, 12, 19 and 26

Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy * - Session 1: January 26, 28 and 30; Session 2: September 14, 16 and 18

Infrared Spectral Interpretation, Basic * - Session 1: January 26, 28 and 30; Session 2: September 14, 16 and 18

Modern HPLC in Pharmaceutical Analysis - January 27, February 3, 10, 17, 24 and March 3

Infrared Spectral Interpretation, Intermediate * - Session 1: February 2 and 3; Session 2: September 29 and 30

Gas Chromatography Basics - February 6, 13, 20, 27, March 6, 13 and 20

HPLC Basics - February 6, 13, 20, 27, March 6, 13 and 20

Effective Technical Writing - February 9, 23, March 2, 9 and 16

Essentials of Organic Chemistry - February 9, 23, March 2, 9 and 16

Infrared Spectral Interpretation, Special Topics * - Session 1: February 17 and 18; Session 2: October 27 and 28

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics for Chemists - March 4, 11, 18, 25, April 1 and 8

A Pharmacology Primer for Chemists - March 5, 12, 19, 26, April 2 and 9

Mass Spectrometry Basics - March 9, 16, 23, 30, April6, 13 and 20

Stimuli-Responsive Polymeric Films and Coatings - March 11, 18, 25, April 1, 8 and 15

Effective Technical Writing for Scientists with English as a Second Language - March 30, April 6, 13, 20, 27 and May 4

*Special Package Pricing is available on our 4 IR courses! Visit for more information

Please visit us online at to see everything we have to offer, or contact us at 1-800-227-5558 X4508 or via email at

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Tuesday, November 11, 2008

American Nuclear Society(ANS)

Monday, November 10, 2008


Thursday, November 6, 2008

4th Annual Greener Nanoscience Conference & Program Review

4th Annual Greener Nanoscience Conference & Program Review
March 2-3, 2009
Invitrogen Corporation, Eugene, Oregon

Mark your calendars - March 2-3, 2009, Eugene, Oregon

The Safer Nanomaterials and Nanomanufacturing Initiative's (SNNI) 4th annual conference will focus on cutting edge research in greener nanomaterials design and production.

This conference brings academics, industrialists and policymakers together to discuss approaches to developing economically viable, environmentally benign methods to advance nanotechnology.

This year's 2-day program integrates presentations from national experts with regional representatives including a keynote presentation by Dr. Hilary Godwin from the UCLA California Nanosystems Institute. A poster session will be held on the evening of the first day and will include a tour of the new ONAMI Lorrey Lokey Laboratories at the University of Oregon.

Topics include:
* Greener design
* Greener production
* Nanoparticle characterization and challenges at the bio/nano interface
* Biodistribution/tracking nanomaterials in living systems
Conference information can be found here:


Dr. Bettye Maddux, Assistant Director
Safer Nanomaterials and Nanomanufacturing Initiative

Nanotechnology Now is a media sponsor for this event. If you no longer wish to receive any newsletters or emails from, click on the following link:


Radon is a radioactive gas formed by the natural decay of uranium that is found in soil and rock in all parts of the United
States. It is found in all types of buildings and it is invisible, odorless and tasteless. Radon seeps in through drains, cracks,
and other holes or openings in the foundation.1 Radon gas escapes easily from the ground into the air and emits radiation
called alpha particles, also called "radon daughters." These particles are electrically charged and attach to aerosols, dust,
smoke and other particles in the air we breathe. As a result, radon progeny may be deposited on the cells lining the
airways, where alpha particles can damage the DNA and cause lung cancer.2

We now have direct evidence that prolonged residential radon is one of our leading public health risks and a major cause
of cancer. The challenge is to use this information to test and mitigate, as well as to promote radon-resistant new
construction.3 Currently, lung cancer is under-funded and under-researched. Only $1,829 is spent per lung cancer death,
the least amount of cancer research dollars per death for the nation's leading cancer killer. By comparison, breast cancer
research receives $23,474 per estimated death, and prostate cancer receives $14,389.4

Frequency of Radon
On January 13, 2005, Dr. Richard H. Carmona, the U.S. Surgeon General, issued a national health advisory on radon.
According to EPA estimates, Radon is the number one cause of lung cancer among non-smokers. Overall, radon is the
second leading cause of lung cancer. Radon is responsible for about 21,000 lung cancer deaths every year. About 2,900
of these deaths occur among people who have never smoked.
Breathing home indoor radon causes nearly one hundred times more deaths each year than carbon monoxide poisoning.5
It is possible for one home to have elevated levels of radon while a neighboring home does not. Testing is the only way to
determine the radon level in your home.1 Inhaling indoor air containing radon over a period of years can increase your
risk of getting lung cancer. Your chance of getting lung cancer from radon depends on how much radon is in your home
and how much time you spend in your home. If you are a smoker or a former smoker, the risk of getting lung cancer from
radon is even greater.6

Indoor radon is the second-leading cause of lung cancer in the United States and breathing it over prolonged periods can
present a significant health risk to families all over the county," Dr. Carmona said. "It's important to know that this threat
is completely preventable. Radon can be detected with a simple test and fixed through well-established venting
techniques." Simple test kits can reveal the amount of radon in any building. Those with high levels can be fixed with
simple and affordable venting techniques. According to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates, one in
every 15 homes nationwide have a high radon level at or above the recommended radon action level of 4 picoCuries
(pCi/L) per liter of air.

Simple test kits can reveal the amount of radon in any building. Those with high levels can be fixed with simple and
affordable venting techniques. According to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates, one in every 15
homes nationwide have a high radon level at or above the recommended radon action level of 4 picoCuries (pCi/L) per
liter of air.

R. William Field, PHD, MS
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health
Department of Epidemiology
College of Public Health
N222 Oakdale Hall
University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA 52242

--------------------------- RADONPROFESSIONALS - ---------------------------


Monday, November 3, 2008

KGMA News 11/4/08

DENR to develop watershed database management system
MANILA (PNA) -- The Department of Environment and Natural Resoures
(DENR) will develop and maintain a database management system for
information on Philippine watersheds.

This aims to better help generate integrated management plans that
will promote sustainable development in watersheds which are land
areas drained by streams or fixed bodies of water and tributaries
having common outlets for surface run-off.

DENR Secretary Jose "Lito" Atienza believes such plans will enable the
country to maximize benefits from watershed resources without
jeopardizing these in the process.

He ordered the database management system's establishment through
Memorandum Circular 2008-05 which will take effect in mid-November
this year.

The system will cover data on watersheds' bio-physical and
socio-economic conditions.

Among bio-physical conditons to be included are geographic location,
topography, geo-morphological features, soil, land classification and
use, climate, hydrology, infrastructure, vegetation and fauna.

Socio-economic conditions will include population and density,
livelihood, income, employment, sectoral production, public services,
tourism and recreation, religion, politics, social groups, citizen
participation as well as behavioral and cultural patterns.

Such data will help planners identify problems and development
opportunities within different eco-systems in watersheds.

These eco-systems cover forests, uplands, grassland, lowlands and
urban areas as well as coastal and marine locations.

"Data gathered shall be analyzed based on integrated and participatory
management, development and rehabilitation requirements of the
watershed, addressing multi-dimensional issues from forests down to
coastal areas as the case may be," Atienza said.

Among analysis tools planners will use are SWOT, problem tree,
geographic information system (GIS) and land use determination matrix

SWOT analysis is for evaluating development initiatives' strengths,
weaknesses, opportunities and threats while problem tree analysis maps
out causes and effects around an issue, the DENR noted.

The department likewise said GIS integrates spatially-referenced data
to identify areas needing immediate intervention while LUDM is based
on watersheds' development and rehabilitation requirements in relation
to deforestation and soil erosion. (PNA)


Monday, October 27, 2008

Friday, October 24, 2008


Thursday, October 23, 2008



Information Campaign-read with a grain of cognizance

find out more on China Biotechnology

more tutorials

I sent my American Chemical Society application upon invitation with subscription to International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

Also, I say Dr. Robert Hazen DVD lectures on Joy of Science are quite interesting. I started on Astronomy by Dr. Filippenko.

There is a Space Odyssey University and International Space University.

No China Syndrome

From: "Norwich University"
Date: October 23, 2008 11:51:33 AM EDT
To: "Cua , Florence"
Subject: Masters in Public Admin for Public Service Professionals

New Jersey Center for Biomaterials - 5 visits - 8:07am
Academic-based developer of innovative biomaterials for delivery of drugs, and tissue repair, and for future commercialization. - 6k - Cached - Similar pages
News & Events

Brookhaven National Laboratory Center for Functional Nanomaterials(BNL CFN)


The National Space Society is asking whether the shuttles would continue or be discontinued and the spaceships launched. Ad Stra Magazine

The Planetary Society details where the planetariums are.

James Webb Space Telescope,


Begin forwarded message:

From: "GPN Weekly e-News"
Date: October 23, 2008 10:35:21 AM EDT
Subject: Snow tractors, fire trucks headed to Milwaukee airport

View this email as a Web page Please add GPRO_GPN e-News_ to your Safe Sender list.

October 23, 2008
This eNewsletter is a roundup of government-related news targeted to local, state and federal government. Topics include major contracts awarded by local, state and federal government agencies; product trends and innovations; government best practices and resources; and political and regulatory developments affecting government purchasing activities. Go to to view the latest products, daily news and government suppliers.

In This Issue
Wisconsin's largest airport orders snow removal, emergency equipment from Oshkosh
Kempf named acting deputy commissioner of GSA's Federal Acquisition Service
Let's be careful out there: More danger in the government workplace
LTAPs help highway workers get up to speed on training

Wisconsin's largest airport orders snow removal, emergency equipment from Oshkosh By Josh Cable
General Mitchell International Airport in Milwaukee has placed a $5.6 million order with Oshkosh Airport Products for snow removal and emergency response equipment. The airport, which is owned and operated by Milwaukee County, ordered nine Oshkosh HT-Series snow tractors, three Oshkosh H-Series snowblowers and two Oshkosh Striker aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicles. Delivery is scheduled for March 2009.
Full Story

Kempf named acting deputy commissioner of GSA's Federal Acquisition Service By Josh Cable
The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) has named Steven Kempf acting deputy commissioner of the agency’s Federal Acquisition Service (FAS).
Full Story

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Let's be careful out there: More danger in the government workplace By Michael Keating
New data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) indicates that the number of workplace fatalities among government workers, including resident military personnel, increased 2 percent in 2007.
Full Story

LTAPs help highway workers get up to speed on training By Michael Keating
The number of highway maintenance workers is on the upswing, and so are training opportunities for those workers.
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Wednesday, October 22, 2008

Catalytic Converter

Dr. William Uhland-Covidien

Appendix B
Radiation Damage and Curing
The transparency of lead􏰀glass decreases as it is irradiated􏰁 Radiation damage
of lead􏰀glass leads to a yel lowing or darkening of the lead􏰀glass􏰁 The coloring of the
lead􏰀glass is caused by creation of color centers or by the development and growth
of absorption bands􏰁 The absorption bands decrease the amount of 􏰂
Cerenkov light which reaches the photomultiplier tube and􏰃 therefore􏰃 decrease the signal􏰁
A spectrophotometer which measures the transmittance or absorption of ma􏰀
terials has been used to monitor radiation damage􏰁 Several F􏰄 lead􏰀glass sample
pieces􏰃 􏰞 􏰅􏰆 􏰟 􏰄 􏰟 􏰄 cm􏰍 with only the two small end faces parallel and polished􏰃 have
been used to monitor the radiation damage􏰇exposure of the central calorimeter􏰁 The
calorimeter􏰈s lead􏰀glass blocks have not been used directly since they are contained
within the wedge shells and are inaccessible􏰁 Using the smaller lead􏰀glass sample
pieces􏰃 the spectrophotometer is used in its normal con􏰉guration 􏰊not as described
in Appendix A􏰋􏰁 In addition to the lead􏰀glass samples placed about the calorimeter
during the running􏰃 two pieces have been placed near the debuncher ring􏰈s injection
kicker magnet for a short period of time􏰁
Placement Azimuthal Distance
Comment Angle 􏰊cm􏰋
Upstream 􏰏x􏰀axis 􏰌
Upstream 􏰏y􏰀axis 􏰑􏰆
Upstream 􏰓x􏰀axis 􏰅􏰒􏰌
Upstream 􏰓y􏰀axis 􏰄􏰒􏰆
Downstream 􏰏x􏰀axis 􏰍􏰎􏰌
Downstream 􏰏y􏰀axis 􏰔􏰌
Downstream 􏰓x􏰀axis 􏰅􏰑􏰌
Downstream 􏰓y􏰀axis 􏰄􏰐􏰌
Table B􏰁􏰅􏰕 The azimuthal angles and radial distance from beam pipe of the lead􏰀glass
samples about the calorimeter􏰁
B􏰁􏰅 Placement of Lead􏰀glass Samples
The lead􏰀glass samples have been present constantly about the central calorime􏰀
ter whenever there has been beam in the 􏰖
p source􏰁 Twenty􏰀four samples have been
separated into sets of three and placed at eight locations about the calorimeter􏰁 Each
lead􏰀glass sample is wrapped individually in black paper􏰁 The locations have been
essentially along the experiment􏰈s positive and negative x and y axes 􏰊the z􏰀axis is
along the 􏰖
p direction and the y􏰀axis is pointing upward􏰋 upstream and downstream
of the calorimeter􏰁 Table B􏰁􏰅 shows the approximate azimuthal angles and the radial
distance from the beam pipe for the eight sets􏰁 The approximate polar angles at the
upstream end near the interaction point are 􏰔􏰆
for the sets along the x􏰀axis and
between 􏰒􏰄
and 􏰒􏰌
for the sets along the y􏰀axis􏰁 The downstream samples have
been connected to the central calorimeter cable support apparatus located 􏰄􏰐􏰌 cm
downstream of the interaction point􏰁
Two samples were placed near the debuncher ring􏰈s injection magnet􏰃 with no
shielding􏰃 during 􏰖
p source studies conducted in December 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰆􏰁 In between the de􏰀
buncher and accumulator rings near the E􏰒􏰐􏰆 experimental area􏰃 concrete blocks
provide shielding for the detector􏰁 The placement of the shielding intercepts particles
coming from the 􏰖
p target area via the transport line and shields against radiation
produced at the nearby kicker magnets􏰁 Previous to the start of the experiment􏰃
these were the expected radiation sources for E􏰒􏰐􏰆􏰁
B􏰁􏰄 Radiation Exposure
Several radiation monitors have also been placed about the calorimeter to try
to measure the radiation dosage􏰁 The radiation monitors vary in type but all are
connected to a visual readout system in the E􏰒􏰐􏰆 counting room􏰁 Only two of the
radiation monitors have been continually attached to the central calorimeter􏰁 The
p source has operated for three di􏰗erent periods over two years with the central
calorimeter present􏰘 the radiation dosages received by the calorimeter according to the
two monitors are shown in table B􏰁􏰄􏰁 The two 􏰉xed target time periods had di􏰗erent
shielding arrangements and di􏰗erent injection line collimator settings􏰘 additionally􏰃
the injection line tuning improved with time􏰁 During the 􏰖
p source studies􏰃 the E􏰒􏰐􏰆
detector was removed from the beam line and moved as far away as possible within
the experimental area from the debuncher and accumulator beam lines􏰃 however􏰃 the
shielding was also removed and the collimators were opened wide􏰁 During data taking􏰃
Time Period Dosage 􏰊rad􏰋
Fixed target run 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰆 􏰊May 􏰓 September􏰋 􏰞 􏰒􏰆 rad
Studies of the 􏰖
p source 􏰊December 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰆􏰋 􏰞 􏰍􏰆 rad
Fixed target run 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰅 􏰊June 􏰓 January􏰋 􏰞 􏰔􏰆 rad
Table B􏰁􏰄􏰕 The radiation dosages􏰃 according to monitors􏰃 that the central calorimeter
received in the 􏰖
p source􏰁
when the gas jet is operating􏰃 the radiation monitors showed small radiation doses as
compared to doses during stacking 􏰊the collection of 􏰖
A separate radiation monitor was placed near the kicker magnet when the two
samples were in place during the December 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰆 􏰖
p source studies􏰁 This monitor􏰃 a
propane gas ion chamber􏰃 was operated in what is called neutron mode􏰃 which is a
factor of ten more sensitive to charged particles than neutral particles􏰘 the neutron
mode assumes that the radiation does not consist of charged particles􏰁 The nature
of the radiation is unknown and therefore the dosage determined from the monitor
may be an over estimate􏰁 The monitor measured a dosage of 􏰅􏰄􏰆􏰆 rad before failing􏰁
Estimating from other radiation monitors in the area􏰃 the two samples received an
additional 􏰅􏰆􏰆􏰆 to 􏰄􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad􏰁
B􏰁􏰍 Radiation Damage Analysis
The transmission spectra of the lead􏰀glass samples were made and recorded by
an HP􏰔􏰎􏰌􏰅A spectrophotometer before exposing them to radiation􏰁 One spectrum
is shown in 􏰉gure B􏰁􏰅 along with a spectrum from one of the 􏰌􏰆 cm long lead􏰀glass
Figure B􏰁􏰅􏰕 A lead􏰀glass sample􏰈s transmission spectrum and a 􏰌􏰆 cm long lead􏰀glass
block spectrum􏰁
blocks􏰁 The twenty􏰀four lead􏰀glass samples􏰈 transmittances have been re􏰀measured
after each time period as described in table B􏰁􏰄􏰁 None of the transmission spectra
show any change􏰃 outside of the spectrophotometer􏰈s intrinsic error􏰃 from the original
spectrum for the lead􏰀glass samples that were located about the central calorime􏰀
ter􏰁 The spectrophotometer􏰈s transmission measurement error for a 􏰄 nm wavelength
band interval is 􏰄􏰙􏰁 A 􏰄􏰙 change in the transmittance of a small lead􏰀glass sample
Figure B􏰁􏰄􏰕 The transmission spectra of one of the lead􏰀glass samples before and after
being placed near the debuncher ring􏰈s kicker magnet showing the a􏰗ect of radiation
corresponds to 􏰅􏰆􏰙 change in the transmittance of a lead􏰀glass block􏰁 The absorp􏰀
tion of the 􏰚ashlamp light would correspondingly change the 􏰚ashlamp response by
􏰄􏰆􏰙 since the light has to travel the block length twice􏰁 As stated in section 􏰎􏰁􏰎􏰁􏰅􏰃
there has been no measureble decrease of the 􏰚ashlamp response attributed to radia􏰀
tion damage􏰁 The lead􏰀glass samples about the calorimeter agree with the 􏰚ashlamp
However􏰃 the two samples which were exposed to the larger radiation dose have
shown radiation damage􏰁 Figure B􏰁􏰄 shows the radiation damage to the transmission
spectrum􏰘 the original transmission spectrum is shown for comparison􏰁 The radia􏰀
tion damage a􏰗ects the ultraviolet wavelengths more than the rest of the spectrum􏰁
Visually􏰃 the samples were darker and slightly brown􏰁
The radiation dose can also be estimated another way􏰁 Kirsebom and Sollie 􏰛􏰔􏰎􏰜
have parameterized the transmission properties of F􏰄 lead􏰀glass for absorbed doses􏰃
D􏰃 up to 􏰌􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad􏰁 The radiational absorption is de􏰉ned
a􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰋 􏰝 􏰅 􏰠 T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰘 x 􏰝 􏰅cm􏰋
To 􏰊􏰢􏰋 􏰘 􏰊B􏰁􏰅􏰋
where To 􏰊􏰢􏰋 is the non􏰀irradiated transmittance T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D 􏰝 􏰆 rad􏰘 x 􏰝 􏰅 cm􏰋􏰁 The
parameterization found by Kirsebom and Sollie is
a􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰋 􏰝 􏰅 􏰠 e
􏰘 􏰊B􏰁􏰄􏰋
where 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 is experimentally determined􏰁 The transmittance through x cm of lead􏰀
glass is
T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰘 x􏰋 􏰝 􏰛T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰘 x 􏰝 􏰅cm􏰋􏰜x 􏰊B􏰁􏰍􏰋
and substituting in appropriately the transmittance is
T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰘 x􏰋 􏰝
􏰕 􏰊B􏰁􏰎􏰋
Several values of 􏰖 for several representative wavelengths have been determined
by Kirsebom and Sollie􏰁 Using these values for 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 and the transmission spectra
Wavelength 􏰖 Calculated Dose 􏰊rad􏰋
􏰊nm􏰋 􏰊􏰅􏰆
􏰋 Sample 􏰅 Sample 􏰄
􏰍􏰌􏰆 􏰎􏰆􏰁􏰒 􏰎􏰍􏰎 􏰎􏰑􏰆
􏰎􏰆􏰆 􏰍􏰅􏰁􏰔 􏰐􏰑􏰄 􏰐􏰄􏰄
􏰎􏰌􏰆 􏰄􏰅􏰁􏰐 􏰒􏰔􏰄 􏰐􏰐􏰆
􏰌􏰆􏰆 􏰅􏰍􏰁􏰍 􏰔􏰍􏰅 􏰐􏰒􏰆
􏰐􏰆􏰆 􏰌􏰁􏰅 􏰐􏰌􏰄 􏰌􏰎􏰎
Table B􏰁􏰍􏰕 The calculated radiation dose for the two lead􏰀glass samples using 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋
values determined by Kiresbom and Sollie 􏰛􏰔􏰎􏰜􏰁
before and after irradiation􏰃 a calculated radiation dose can be determined􏰕
D 􏰝 􏰅
􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋x ln 􏰣
T 􏰊􏰢􏰘 D􏰘 x􏰋 􏰤 􏰘 􏰊B􏰁􏰌􏰋
where Tx 􏰝 􏰛To􏰜
􏰘 the measured spectra are always for the transmittance through
x cm of lead􏰀glass􏰁 Table B􏰁􏰍 shows the calculated doses at the various wavelengths
for the two lead􏰀glass samples􏰘 the 􏰖 parameter is also shown􏰁 The radiation dosage
appears to be between 􏰐􏰆􏰆 and 􏰒􏰆􏰆 rad and disagrees with the radiation monitor
determination􏰁 Several explanations are possible for the discrepancy of a factor of 􏰄
􏰊the radiation monitor result before failure􏰋 to 􏰌 􏰊the largest extrapolated dosage􏰋􏰁 A
basic reason could be that the F􏰄 lead􏰀glasses are not the same􏰘 however􏰃 one would
not expect such a large di􏰗erence􏰁 Another possible explanation is that the radiation
monitors have overestimated the dosage since the nature of the radiation is unknown􏰁
A last possible explanation is that instant bleaching􏰃 or curing􏰃 of the the lead􏰀glass
occurs when exposed to light􏰁 The lead􏰀glass samples were exposed to arti􏰉cial lights
while being unwrapped and placed in the spectrophotometer􏰈s sample compartment
before a transmission spectrum was taken􏰁 The most reasonable explanation is that
the radiation monitors have overestimated the radiation dosage􏰁
􏰖 􏰊􏰅􏰆
􏰢 Sample 􏰅 Sample 􏰄
􏰊nm􏰋 􏰅􏰄􏰆􏰆 rad 􏰄􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad 􏰍􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad 􏰅􏰄􏰆􏰆 rad 􏰄􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad 􏰍􏰆􏰆􏰆 rad
􏰍􏰌􏰆 􏰅􏰐􏰁􏰅 􏰑􏰁􏰐􏰌 􏰐􏰁􏰎􏰄 􏰅􏰐􏰁􏰐 􏰑􏰁􏰑􏰐 􏰐􏰁􏰐􏰎
􏰎􏰆􏰆 􏰅􏰔􏰁􏰍 􏰅􏰅􏰁􏰆 􏰒􏰁􏰍􏰎 􏰅􏰐􏰁􏰍 􏰑􏰁􏰒􏰐 􏰐􏰁􏰌􏰄
􏰎􏰌􏰆 􏰅􏰎􏰁􏰅 􏰔􏰁􏰎􏰌 􏰌􏰁􏰐􏰄 􏰅􏰅􏰁􏰑 􏰒􏰁􏰅􏰄 􏰎􏰁􏰒􏰌
􏰌􏰆􏰆 􏰑􏰁􏰅􏰐 􏰌􏰁􏰌􏰆 􏰍􏰁􏰐􏰒 􏰒􏰁􏰎􏰄 􏰎􏰁􏰎􏰐 􏰄􏰁􏰑􏰒
􏰐􏰆􏰆 􏰄􏰁􏰒􏰐 􏰅􏰁􏰐􏰐 􏰅􏰁􏰅􏰅 􏰄􏰁􏰍􏰅 􏰅􏰁􏰍􏰔 􏰆􏰁􏰑􏰄
Table B􏰁􏰎􏰕 The calculated 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 values for three radiation doses􏰁
On the other hand􏰃 assuming that the radiation monitor results are correct􏰃 the
two sets of spectra can be used to determine 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋􏰁 Three values of radiation dose
have been used to determine 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 and are presented in table B􏰁􏰎􏰁 The determined
􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 values are about a factor of three to four di􏰗erent than the values determined
by Kirsebom and Sollie 􏰊table B􏰁􏰍􏰋􏰁 One does not expect the lead􏰀glasses to be
that di􏰗erent􏰘 the dosage determined from the radiation monitors is probably an
Assuming that 􏰖􏰊􏰢􏰋 values of Kirsebom and Sollie are correct􏰃 the expected
damage to the lead􏰀glass samples on the calorimeter can be calculated􏰁 A 􏰍􏰙 to
􏰌􏰙 change of the transmittances for the wavelengths between 􏰍􏰌􏰆 nm and 􏰎􏰄􏰆 nm
is expected after a 􏰅􏰆􏰆 rad dose􏰁 The spectrophotometer is capable of showing this
change in transmittance􏰁 A di􏰗erence has not been seen and possible explanations􏰃
as indicated above􏰃 are either 􏰊i􏰋 the radiation monitor has overestimated the dose or
􏰊ii􏰋 instant bleaching􏰁
Cycle Exposure Time 􏰊min􏰋
Number Period Cumulative
􏰅 􏰅􏰌 􏰅􏰌
􏰄 􏰅􏰌 􏰍􏰆
􏰍 􏰍􏰆 􏰐􏰆
􏰎 􏰐􏰆 􏰅􏰄􏰆
􏰌 􏰅􏰔􏰆 􏰍􏰆􏰆
􏰐 􏰅􏰔􏰆 􏰎􏰔􏰆
􏰒 􏰅􏰔􏰆 􏰐􏰐􏰆
􏰔 􏰍􏰐􏰆 􏰅􏰆􏰄􏰆
􏰑 􏰍􏰐􏰆 􏰅􏰍􏰔􏰆
Table B􏰁􏰌􏰕 The exposure time periods and cumulative time that the two lead􏰀glass
samples were exposed to sunlight􏰁
B􏰁􏰎 Curing
Physics practice has been to expose irradiated lead􏰀glass to sunlight for curing􏰁
The estimated recovery time from radiation damage for lead􏰀glass is estimated to be
􏰌􏰆 years 􏰛􏰔􏰌􏰜 􏰊from measurements over a period of 􏰅􏰁􏰌 years of lead􏰀glass not exposed
to light􏰋􏰁 During May 􏰅􏰑􏰑􏰅􏰃 the two most irradiated lead􏰀glass samples were exposed
to sunlight for di􏰗erent time periods􏰁 Two non􏰀irradiated lead􏰀glass samples were
also exposed to the sunlight as controls􏰁 Table B􏰁􏰌 shows the exposure time periods
and cumulative times􏰘 the uncertainty of the time of exposure is a few minutes􏰁 The
exposure periods were scattered over a few weeks whenever there was not a threat of
rain􏰘 some of the exposure periods were while the sky was overcast􏰁
The never􏰀irradiated lead􏰀glass samples spectra showed no changes and contin􏰀
ually showed that the reproducibility of the spectrophotometer results􏰁 Figure B􏰁􏰍
shows the radiation damaged transmission spectrum and the spectra after seven of the
Figure B􏰁􏰍􏰕 The transmission spectra after di􏰗erent exposure periods 􏰊di􏰗erent cu􏰀
mulative times􏰋 as the lead􏰀glass sample cures􏰁 The 􏰅􏰅 and 􏰄􏰍 hour cumulative time
spectra are nearly the same􏰃 and the symbols are not resolved􏰁
curing periods for one of the lead􏰀glass samples􏰁 The spectra after 􏰅􏰅 and 􏰄􏰍 hours
of cumulative exposure to sunlight are nearly the same􏰁 The spectra of 􏰉gure B􏰁􏰍
have been normalized by the transmission spectrum taken before radiation exposure􏰁
These normalized spectra􏰃 as shown in 􏰉gure B􏰁􏰎􏰃 show the loss of transmittance
due to the radiation damage and the subsequent recovery due to exposure to sun􏰀
light􏰁 Complete recovery would be a value of 􏰅􏰁􏰆 corresponding to no di􏰗erence from
Figure B􏰁􏰎􏰕 The loss of transmittance due to the radiation damage and the recovery
due to exposure to sunlight􏰁 The transmission spectra after di􏰗erent exposure periods
􏰊di􏰗erent cumulative times􏰋 as the lead􏰀glass sample cures􏰃 normalized by the non􏰀
irradiated spectrum􏰁 The 􏰅􏰅 and 􏰄􏰍 hour cumulative time spectra are nearly the
same􏰃 and the symbols are not resolved􏰁
Figure B􏰁􏰌􏰕 The transmission spectra of a lead􏰀glass sample before irradiation􏰃 radi􏰀
ation damaged and after sunlight exposure 􏰊cured􏰋􏰁
the non􏰀irradiated transmission spectrum􏰁 After 􏰄􏰍 hours of exposure to sunlight􏰃
the lead􏰀glass sample􏰈s transmittances have not shown any more recovery􏰁 The non􏰀
irradiated􏰃 radiation damaged and cured transmission spectra are shown in 􏰉gure B􏰁􏰌􏰁
The sunlight curing does not cause a complete recovery of the transmittance􏰁
The 􏰉rst hour of exposure to sunlight appears to have the greatest e􏰗ect􏰁
Figure B􏰁􏰐 shows the transmittance normalized by the non􏰀irradiated transmittance
Figure B􏰁􏰐􏰕 The transmittance of several wavelengths while curing as a function of
cumulative sunlight exposure time􏰁
as a function of exposure time to sunlight for 􏰉ve wavelengths􏰁 The curing rate does
not appear to be a function of wavelength􏰁
B􏰁􏰌 Discussion
The spectrophotometer has been used to monitor radiation damage to the cen􏰀
tral calorimeter􏰁 The lead􏰀glass samples placed about the central calorimeter have
not shown any degradation of the transmission spectrum􏰁
Two lead􏰀glass samples were irradiated about a factor of 􏰅􏰆 more than the lead􏰀
glass samples about the calorimeter􏰁 The two lead􏰀glass samples showed radiation
damage􏰁 There appears to be a discrepancy between the radiation dose received when
using radiation damage parameters from a published experiment and the radiation
monitors􏰁 The radiation monitors may be overestimating the dose􏰃 due to uncertainty
about the type of radiation􏰃 by a factor of 􏰄 to 􏰌􏰁
The two most irradiated lead􏰀glass samples have been partially cured by ex􏰀
posure to sunlight􏰁 The sunlight curing does not cause the transmission spectrum
to recover fully􏰘 the recovery leads to transmittances 􏰑􏰎􏰙 of before􏰀irradiation at
ultraviolet wavelengths to nearly 􏰅􏰆􏰆􏰙 for the green part of the spectrum􏰁 A single
central calorimeter counter Monte Carlo simulation 􏰊Appendix C􏰋 shows that the
photoelectron signal should decrease by 􏰅􏰔􏰙 for a 􏰅 GeV incident gamma ray when
using Kirsebom and Sollie􏰈s parameterization of the radiation damage and assuming
a 􏰅􏰆􏰆 rad dose􏰁 Since no large decrease in signal output has been observed􏰃 it is
probable that the radiation monitors associated with the central calorimeter have
overestimated the radiation dose􏰁

Tuesday, October 21, 2008



recent earthquake, the past 7 days

Tuesday, October 14, 2008,

Sunday, October 12, 2008

ReCellular, Dexter, MI and SIMS Recycling Solutions, Chicago

Saturday, October 11, 2008

Wednesday, October 8, 2008

Science and Engineering of Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America Is Now in Its 6th Year!

The Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America (formerly POWER-GEN Renewable Energy & Fuels) has a proven track record as renewable energy’s leading event. It offers a worldwide audience who will hear papers, panel discussions and presentations during technical sessions related to technology, markets, business strategies and policy covering the wind, solar, biomass, hydro, geothermal, biofuels and hydrogen fuels sectors. There has never been a better time to be a part of the exciting, ever-growing world of renewable energy!

REenergize with new technologies, new companies, new strategies and new views!

Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo Highlights:
More than 5,000 renewable industry professionals in one place
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Pre-Conference workshops
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Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America's firm foundation is its highly technical conference program. Each year, our advisory committee chooses the hottest topics facing the industry and identifies the experts most qualified to present their findings. Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America’s conference program is the definitive source to provide you with information and insight on the current trends and strategies shaping the industry.

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The exhibit floor is filling up fast! Connect you with an estimated 5,000 renewable energy power professionals from the wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, ocean/tidal/wave, energy storage, hydrogen and fuel cell, bio-power and alternative fuel sectors. Professionals representing these innovative technologies come together each year at Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America for three days of networking, new business negotiation, and the exchange of important ideas and information impacting the renewable industry today. Renewable Energy World Conference & Expo North America 2009 connects you and your customers like never before. Click here to view exhibit floor plan

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